McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is the primary piece of federal legislation dealing with the education of children and youth experiencing homelessness. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is also known as Title IX, Part A, of the Every Student Succeeds Act of 2015 (ESSA). The act was created to assist qualifying students in meeting the basic needs in order to achieve academic success.
Homeless students are children and youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. Unaccompanied youth includes a youth who is not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian or lacks fixed, regular, adequate nighttime residence. Homeless children and youth include those students who are as follows:
- sharing the house of other people due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason;
- living in motels, hotels, transient trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations;
- living in emergency or transitional shelters;
- living in a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as regular sleeping accommodations for human beings;
- living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations or similar settings; or
- living in a migratory situation that qualifies as homeless because the child lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence
Children and youth experiencing homelessness have the right to:
- Receive a free, appropriate public
- Enroll in school immediately, even if lacking documents normally required for enrollment.
- Enroll in school and attend classes while the school gathers needed
- Enroll in the local attendance area school or continue attending their school of origin (the school they attended when permanently housed or the school in which they were last enrolled), if that is the parent's, guardian's, or unaccompanied youth's preference is feasible. If the school district believes the school selected is not in the student's best interest, then the district must provide the parent, guardian, or unaccompanied youth with a written explanation of its position and inform him/her of the right to appeal its decision.
- Receive transportation to and from the school of origin, if requested by the parent, guardian, or unaccompanied youth.
- Receive educational services comparable to those provided to other students, according to the student's ---